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GIANYAR REGENCY

 

Gianyar, the second most populated region of Bali, is the cultural heart of the island. The highland town of Ubud, in particular, has acquired a reputation as a center of art after several foreign artists settled there in the 1920's, 1930's and 1950's. Geographically, the region is very distinct. Cloves, coffee and Vanilla grow in the highland and rice is the most common crop on the lowlands.

The old harbors of Ketewel and Kramas are fishermen's villages. When you travel from Denpasar to ubud the firs village you reach is Batubulan, a small village Famous for its river stone carving. These works are displayed all along the main road. The popular door-guardian statues of volcanic tuff, once exclusively used in temples and palaces, are now exported overseas.

The dance symbolized the never-ending battle between good (represented by barong) and Evil (represented by Rangda). You must not miss Pura Puseh Batubulan, a beautiful temple. Just after Batubulan, Celuk and nearby Singapadu are the centers for Balinese goldsmiths. More than 40 jewellery workshop are located along the road from Batubulan to Celuk. The jewellery is exported worldwide. Singapadu is also well known for topeng and barong mask making.

.Other Area Interesting In Gianyar Regency

  Goa Gajah Temple
Only a short distance beyond Peliatan, on the road to Pejeng and Gianyar, a car park of the north side of the road marks the site of Goa Gajah. The Elephant cave is carved into the rock face, reached by a flight of steps down from the other side of the road. There were never any elephant in Bali. The cave-hermitage probably takes its name from the nearby Petanu River. You enter the cave through the cavernous mouth of a demon, while gigantic fingertips pressed beside the face push back a riotous jungle of surrounding stone carvings.
Goa Gajah was certainly in existence at the time of the Majapahit take over of Bali. It probably dates back to the 11th century and show elements of both Hindu And Buddhist use. In front of the cave are two square bathing pools with water gushing into them from water spouts held by six female figures. These were only uncovered in 1954. You can clamber down through the rice paddies to crumbling rock carving of stupas on acliff face and a small cave. Admission to Goa Gajah is 3,000rp (children1,500 rp)
  Ubud Village
After Mas you enter the area of Ubud, often regarded as the cultural heart of Bali. "UBUD" is derived from the word "Ubad" which means medicine, as the town supplied medicinal herbs in ancient times. A former principality, Ubud has several palaces and Brahmin mansions, as well as beautiful house built in the Gianyar architectural style.
The modern Balinese art movement began here (see article titled "Painthing") when artists first began to abandon purely religion and court scenes for scenes of everyday life. Ubud is home to many respected local and western artists.
The cultural image of Ubud is paramount to the best museum in the country. The Puri Lukisan, a Museum of Fine Arts established in the 1950'
  Batubulan, Celuk & Mas Village
Soon after leaving Denpasar roadsides are lined with outlets for the Batubulan craft-stone sculpture. This is where those temples gate guardian-seen all over Bali - come from. You'll also find them guarding bridges or making more mundane appearances in restaurant and hotels. Quite young boys often do the sculpting and you're welcome to watch them chipping away at big blocks of stone. The stone they use is surprisingly soft and even more surprisingly light. If you've traveled to Bali fairly ligh it's quite feasible to fly home with a demonic stone character in your baggage!
Not surprisingly the temple around Batubulan ere noted for their fine stone sculpture. Pure Puseh, just a couple of hundred meters from the road, is worth a visit. There is also a Barong dance, popular with tourist, held in Batubulan every day.

Celuk Village
Traveling on from Batubulan to Celuk takes you from stone to filigree for Celuk is the silverwork center of Bali. The craft shops that line the road here are dedicated to jewellery. Other centers for silverwork in Bali include Kamasan near Klungkung And Kuta.
Mas Village
Mas means 'gold' but its wood carving which is the craft here. The Great priest Nirartha once lived here and Pura Taman Pule is said to be built on the site of his home. Again the road through Mas is almost solidly lined with craft shops and you are welcome to drop in and see the carvers at work, as well as inspecting the myriad items for sale.
  Gunung Kawi Temple
Continuing up the road to Tampaksiring you pass through pleasant rice land along a steady upward climb which continues all the way to the rim of the center at Penelokan. In the small town Tampaksiring a sign points off the road to the right to Gunung Kawi. From the end of the access road a steep stone stairway leads down to the river, at one point making a cutting through an embankment of solid rock. There, in the bottom of this lush green valley with beautiful rice terrace climbing up the hillsides, is one in Bali's oldest, and certainly largest, ancient monuments.
Gunung Kawi consist of 10 rock-cut Candis, memorials cut out of the rock face in imitation of normally constructed monument - in a similar fashion to the great rock-cut temples of Ajanta and Ellora in India. The Candis are believed to be memorials to members of the Balinese royalty of the 11th century but little is known for certain. The Candis stand in seven-meters-high sheltered niches cut into the sheer rock cliff faces. There are four on the west side of the river, which you come to first. You cross the on a bridge to a further group of five on the east side. A solitary Candi stands further down the valley to the south, reached by a trek through the rice paddies.
Legends relate the whole groups of memorials were carved out of the rock faces in one hard working night by the mighty fingernails of Kebo Iwa. Each of the sets of memorial has a group of monk's cells associated with it, includingone on the east side with the only 'no shoes, sandals, boots may be worn' sign I've ever seen in Bali. There are other similar groups of Candis and monk's cells within the area ancient Kingdom of Pejeng-but none of them so grand or on so large a scale.
Tampaksiring & Tirta Empul Temple
Continuing through the actual town of Tampaksiring the road branches, the left fork running up to the grand palace once used by Soekarno while the right fork goes to the temple at Tirta Empul and continue up to penelokan. You can look back along the valley and see Kawi Mountain from this road, just before you turn into Tirta Empul. Are believed to have magical powers so the temple here is an important one.
Each year an inscribed stone is brought from a nearby village to be ceremonially washed in the spring. The inscription on the stone has been deciphered and indicates that the springs bubble up into a large, crystal-clear tank within the temple and gush out through waterspouts into a bathing pool. According to legend the god Indra who pierced the earth to tap the ' elixir of immortality' Amerta. Despite its antiquity the temple is glossy and gleamingly new-it was totally restored in the late' 60s.
The Springs of Tirta Empul are a source of the Pakrisan River, which rushes by Gunung Kawi only a Km or so away. Between Tirta Empul and Gunung Kawi is the temple of Pura Mengening where you can see a Candi similar in design, but free-standing, to the Candis of Gunung Kawi. There is a spring at this temple which alsofeeds into the Pakrisan. Overlooking Tirta Empul is the Sukarno palace,a grandiose structur builtin 1954 on the site of a Dutch rest-house.
The car park outside Tirta Empul is surrounde by the usual unholy confusion of souvenir and craft shops. Chess sets and bone carving are popular crafts here. There is an admission charge to Tirta Empul and you have to wear a temple scarf.
  Monkey Forest
North of Denpasar stands the monkey forest of Bukit Sari. It is featured, so the Balinese say, in the Ramayana. To Kill the evil Rahwana, King of Lanka, Hanuman had to crush him between two halves of Mahameru, the holy mountain. Rahwana who could not be destroyed on the earth or in the air, would thus be squeezed between the two. On his way to performing this task Hanuman dropped a piece of the mountain here, Complete with a band of Monkey.Of course this short of legend isn't unique, Hanuman dropped chunk of landscape all over the place!
There's unique grove of nutmeg trees in the monkey forest and a temple, Pura Bukit Sari, with an interesting old Garuda statue. Plus, of course, there are lots of monkey, very aware of what visiting taurist have probably bought from the local vendors - peanuts.Take care, they'll jump all over you if you've got a pocketful of peanuts and don't dispense them fast enough. The Sangeh Monkey have also been known to steal tourist hats, sunglasses and even, as they run away, their thongs! You find also another Monkey forest at Alas Kedaton Village and Ubud Village.

Tegalalang Rice Terrace
Tegalalang village is famous with rice terrace, but now on the way go to tegalalang village both side of the road you find many shops with selling woodcarving. The first example of Balinese landscape is the rice-field. This is a typical scene in Bali. The terraced rice-field is typical of the beauty of the Balinese countryside. Note the harmony of colors, the vivid green of the coconut groves and the pale blue of the sky. Wet rice agriculture (sawah) is the basic and most important activity of Balinese life; Rice is the major crop and the staple food.
The Balinese make maximum use of what the environment offers. The terraced fields extend for miles, up and down the hill, from mountains to the sea. Cows are a very important part of traditional rice farming. They are used for plowing and producing fertilizer. The Cow pulls a heavy wooden bar across the field, in the initial preparative of the soil, to flatten it into a smooth mud. The Cow does not work all day and are well cared for.
During the growth period of the rice, the fields are periodic flooded. The Subak or irrigation cooperatives, regulate the allow of water and maintenance of irrigation networks. The water from single dam may be divided into douses and even hundreds of channel to irrigate the terraced Sawah, note how many-terraced field are served by this one particular manual serves.
 

Other Area Interesting In Bali Island
The Best and the most popular Tourist Resort in Bali such as :
 
Badung Regency
Gianyar Regency
Tabanan Regency
Karangasem Regency
Bangli Regency
Singaraja Regency (Nort part of Bali)
Negara Regency (West part of Bali)
Klungkung Regency

     

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